Brief hint about history of al-Raqqa
NEWS DESK- Al-Raqqa which was considered as the capital of IS today is being librated by Syrian Democratic Forces(SDF) and this is the first step toward building federal Syria, Hawar news agency prepared a dossier about al-Raqqa city composed of five parts including history of al-Raqqa and the librating period from IS mercenaries and the agency would publish the dossier sequentially.
Al-Raqqa city which suffered from mercenaries for a long time has been liberated today by SDF to be the path toward building federal Syria, the city of al-Raqqa is 160 kilometers from Aleppo city to the east. It is bordered to the north by the city of Girê Sipî/Tal Abyad and to the northeast by the city of Al-Hasakah in Al-Jazeera region and from the south by Deir ez-Zor. It is a governorate center with the same name and a population of 944,000 according to statistics conducted by the Syrian regime before the crisis.
Al-Raqqa is characterized by its diversity of climate and its natural and tourist elements. It has archaeological sites that are deep in history, like the historic Rafiqa Wall, the Gate of Baghdad, the Old Mosque (Al-Mansur Mosque), Jaabar citadel, Rusafa, Soura, Hargla, Zalba of the archaeological hills located on the banks of the rivers Euphrates and Balikh, the most important Tel Mribit, which is one of the first hills habituated by humans in the world going back to the ninth millennium BC, but this hill was flooded by the water of the Euphrates Dam.
Since ancient times, al-Raqqa has been a center for attracting people to its location on the Euphrates River and its plains and fertile soil. In addition, it was a center for commercial exchange and the collection and export of agricultural production through the Euphrates River.
Due to the geographical location of Al-Raqqa area and its location on the banks of the Euphrates River, it became the focus of most empires and forces that occupied the region. In the Islamic era, too, it was followed by differences such as Umayyad, Abbasid and Ayyubi. Until it was the capital of the Abbasid Caliphate for a period of time.
Components of al-Raqqa
The city of Al-Raqqa consists of a homogeneous strata of the Syrian people, inhabited by 16 Arab tribes, mainly Al-Jays, Busraia, Al-Sokhna, Al-Busaaf, Al-Buhameed, Al-Ameer bo shaban Afadela Al-moousa Al-Zaher, Al-Ghanim Al-Zaher, Al-Kwati, Al-Burayj, al-Ghoul,Al-Jemesa ,Al-Bergi,Al-Kerama,Al-Shoeb Al- Quaider. “In addition to the Kurds of the Mellayn and Brazi tribes, and also the Christians.
The historical Kurdish presence in al-Raqqa
The Kurds lived in al-Raqqa since ancient times, where many Ottoman and other sources mentioned the Kurdish Confederation in this region starting in 1518. This Confederation, which embraced many peoples in the region, became in the middle of the 18th century the most powerful tribal group running the entire Northern Badia Which represents north-eastern Syria and east today, and then occupied by the Ottomans.
Economic resources of al-Raqqa
According to some estimations, the population of the province of Raqqa, which has a population of 944,000 in 2011, is mainly dependent on agriculture, especially in areas along the Euphrates River, where cotton flourished taking the first place in addition to ranching.
The Euphrates dam, located in the town of al-Tabqa which is about 50 kilometers from the center of al-Raqqa, is an additional source of income for the dam’s water wealth.
Although the region was rich in natural resources and wealth, it was exploited by the Baathist regime and marginalized the region in all respects, especially the educational, social, service and urban areas.
Al-Raqqa and Syrian crisis
The Syrian regime lost control of Al-Raqqa province in March 2013, thousands of armed men stormed the city from its four sides, the number of armed groups that entered the city estimated more than 100 groups of different affiliations, including those who were loyal to al-Qaeda, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (Jabhet al-Nusra) “including those who were affiliated with Free Army “.
The quietest city in Syria for decades became an open battleground between these groups to share the spoils and leaps, and the different visions and approach followed by each of them. The mercenaries mobilized on January, 12 2014 this situation to occupy the city of al-Raqqa and then turned it into a so-called “Capital of the Caliphate”.
The city’s public squares were then turned into death row platforms, bodies, heads, hands and legs, until the city’s inhabitants lived in a state of caution and fear…
Syrian Democratic Forces respond to the appeal of the people of al-Raqqa
After people of al-Raqqa suffered from horrors, SDF met their appeals and they librated them from IS terrorism, SDF which is made up of people in the region and the north of Syria launched its biggest crackdown on the Syrian north, Syria and the Middle East at the level of North Syria also in November 5, 2016 on behalf of Wrath of Euphrates to liberate al-Raqqa city from IS mercenaries, and the campaign entered its fifth phase (al-Raqqa Great Battle) after the liberation of the forces of all the towns and villages belonging to the al-Raqqa.
Librating al-Raqqa is a historic achievement in the modern era, because IS mercenaries turned it to the capital of injustice and terrorism at the global level, and the liberation of al-Raqqa liberated humanity from all inhuman practices practiced by mercenaries against the peoples of the region and the world.
As the fighters inside al-Raqqa city librated one neighborhoods after another, the city began to take off the black, at a time when al-Raqqa Civil Council, which was established mid-April, organized by the people of rural al-Raqqa through councils, to pursue the city approaches her sister Manbij, who is now run by her children through her democratic civil administration.
SDF inflicted during the eight months, since the start of the campaign on 6 November 2016 to 6 June, heavy losses to IS mercenaries and librating most of al-Raqqa geography and besieging the mercenaries within the city and starting a liberation campaign of the city through the east and west axes, and culminating and SDF fighters’ efforts to liberate al-Raqqa “the alleged capital” of IS.
Tomorrow… Reading in the four stages of the liberation campaign of al-Raqqa