Deir ez-Zor: Pearl of the Euphrates, cradle of civilizations and the land of resources
NEWS DESK–Deir ez-Zor or Pearl of the Euphrates, as described, for its ancient history and rich cultural, economic and geo-strategic position, and because of the important cities that embrace the distance from the Euphrates River which crosses to Iraqi lands through it. The city of Deir ez-Zor is located east of Syria lying on the Euphrates River’s bank in a fertile plain surrounded by desert from all sides.
In this part of the dossier (in Deir ez-Zor, the receiving and handover agreements are carried out in addition to the liberation operations, we will provide a brief resume of Deir ez-Zor, its status and its community, as well as its status with the subsequent domination of the mercenaries groups, and Iraq till Daesh made it a strategic and economic source in Syria and Iraq.
Deir ez-Zor... the history and society
Deir ez-Zor is known locally as al-Deir, the largest city in the east of Syria, as well as being an administrative center of its province. Historically, the famous civilizations were in the region, especially in Mesopotamia, such as the Assyrians, the Arameans, the Amorites, the Akkadians and the Romans, as well as the Islamic era and the subsequent period from the Umayyad to the Abbasid periods to the destruction of the Mongols in the thirteenth century.
In 1865, it became a center of Deir ez-Zor, which included most of the areas of Syrian Desert (Bādiyat ash-Shām) and part of the southern Jazeera plains, during the Ottoman period, where the town expanded to become a city with all services and facilities
The Euphrates River divides the city of Deir ez-Zor into two regions, Shamiya, an extension of Bādiyat ash-Shām, and Al-Jazeera canton. The community in Deir ez-Zor is the Arab component, beside to with the Kurdish and Armenian components within the city and some towns in its vicinity.
The community is dominated by the tribal character and the most famous tribes in the region are al-Bakara and and al-Ekidat. The population is estimated at 515,000 before the Syrian crisis.
Deir ez-Zor, the largest Syrian economic sources that embraces ancient historical antiquities
In the 1980s, large quantities of oil and gas were discovered in the province and close to the city. The largest field near Deir al-Zor is the Taym field, which is about 6 km away. Foreign companies began to invest and explore a number of oil and gas fields in Deir ez-Zor.
Syrian revolution and the succession of mercenaries groups in the region
As a result of the suffering of Syrian people, like the rest of the peoples in the Middle East, from the injustice of the despotic and exploitative governments of culture and societal nature based on diversity and freedom, to make it one color and one language and one person, the color of divinity in those countries, and with the rise of the Syrian people in the face of the Baathist Party tyrant, demonstrations began in Deir ez-Zor city since the first day in the movement of protests demanding the overthrowing of the Syrian regime.
Armed groups of the Free Army took control of the city in June 2012, and the formation of mercenaries groups and battalions in the region increased, each living on the people’s resources, from Jabhit al-Nusra through Qa’qaa and Hamzah to the beginning of 2014 where IS jointed it to what it called the “Islamic State in Iraq and Syria,” and the Syrian regime forces remained besieged in a small part of the city until they entered it in last October.
Syrian regime tried in several stages to move towards the city to control it and expel mercenaries, but it was unable to advance towards the city until an agreement was reached between Hezbollah and the Syrian regime on the one hand and mercenaries on the other, this is what we would touch upon in the second part of this dossier.
On the other hand, the campaign of al-Jazeera Tempest launched by Deir ez-Zor Military Council under the umbrella of Syrian Democratic Forces to liberate the countryside of Deir ez-Zor from the mercenaries is still ongoing. We will also discuss the details of al-Jazeera Tempest campaign in the second part of this dossier.
Tomorrow: disclosure of the city’s handover agreement to the Syrian regime, highlighting al-Jazeera Tempest campaign.