Developments that preceded IS military attacks on Kobanî
KOBANÎ– The extended attack which was launched by IS mercenaries on Kobanî canton mid-September 2014 has been preceded by many field developments in Syria and its neighbor Iraq, and it was clear that the attack on the canton was an international conspiracy, and the most prominent evidence on this is perhaps Mosul falling at IS mercenaries’ hands in few hours to be accompanied by launching an attack on Kobanî after IS mercenaries seized a big amount of weapons and ammunition. Then, clamor media promoted IS and stated that it is an invincible force.
The September 15th of this year marks the 3rd anniversary of the extended attack launched on Kobanî canton by IS mercenaries which resulted in breaking out great battles which are still ongoing till this day but elsewhere.
Since September 15, 2014, the great attack has begun till this day as many things have been changed on the Syrian arena and even in the Middle East. Furthermore, we would work on a series of dossiers prepared to shed light on the military-political situations that accompanied the attack launched on Kobanî till this day.
The birth of IS mercenaries
The main date of IS mercenaries’ emergence went back to 2004 according to what most of the sources stated as the mercenary Abu Musaab al-Zarqawi established mercenary gangs named by many names starting from al-Tawhid and al-Jihad mercenary gangs in addition to the allegiance of al-Qaeda to become a branch in “Mesopotamia” to establish Shura Council and form the “Islamic State of Iraq” in 2016 led by Abu Baker al-Baghdadi.
All these groups were established on the Iraqi borders and fought the US forces that invaded Iraq and the Iraqi forces that were undergone to successive Iraqi governments starting from the invasion of Iraq in 2003 until 2011.
Starting from 2014, the influence of IS mercenaries has expanded in Iraq and Syria which they entered in 2013, and afterwards, they were named by IS.
It should be noted here that IS mercenaries took a different route from their comrade Jabhet al-Nusra although the two gangs embrace al-Qaeda Organization’s perspectives.
Starting from 2013, IS became stronger when hundreds of his mercenaries invaded great cities and areas in Iraq and Syria without noticeable resistance of regime factions of the Iraqi and Syrian armies and even other fighting factions on the land of the two countries.
As IS mercenaries seized al- Raqqa city from the so-called Free Army factions’ hands in January 14, 2014, then they crawled into Ain Issa town and dominated it in July 6 of the same year.
afterwards, they seized armored vehicles and tanks two weeks after taking control of the 17th Division headquarter in al-Raqqa so that IS mercenaries had a combat capability as many people believed that IS would not be defeated.
Especially that IS mercenaries had occupied Manbij, Jarablos, Girê Sipî (Tel-Abyed) in addition to nearby towns and districts, as well as dozens of districts and cities in the Syrian al-Jazeera, al-Badiya(The Syrian desert) and Iraq.
Mosul city have been occupied in just hours in June 10, 2014 at the presence of about 40,000-50,000 fighters of the army and police equipped with modern, American arms in an indication to a conspiracy being plotted under the table.
All these factors enabled the mercenary leader Abu Baker al-Baghdadi to announce his so-called caliphate from the platform of al-Nury Mosque in Mosul in July 4, 2014.
After Mosul has been occupied, IS launched a media campaign to promote its strength. Moreover, IS mercenaries performed a military parade in al-Raqqa city which aimed at suspecting people that IS would not be defeated.
The situation on the Syrian arena
As lands range held by IS mercenaries in Syria expanded, the influence of the Syrian regime and the mercenary gangs of the Syrian Coalition weakened and their grip on territory dimished.
IS mercenaries sometimes seized the lands from regime and the mercenary gangs without any clashes as they took al-Raqqa city from the so-called Free Army’s hands, and the same was true for Tel-Abyed, Manbij, Deir ez-Zor and all the northeast and even western areas of the Syrian lands.
By the end of 2014, spaces were being controlled by the mercenaries in Iraq and Syria expanded.
IS military power inflation
IS mercenaries had had a similar military force to any other fighting faction on Syrian and Iraqi lands as their power in 2013 did not exceed the minimum ratio when they entered the Syrian lands.
But the military capacity of the IS mercenaries as they took control of al- Raqqa and headquarters of the Division 17th of the Syrian army, as well as the 93rd Brigade in Ain Issa north of al-Raqqa and major weapons factories in Deir ez-Zor and Palmyra, and then the city of Mosul gained tons of weapons and ammunition and armored vehicles belonging to the Syrian and Iraqi armies.
Kobani caught IS mercenaries’ attention
By the middle of 2014, after the occupation of al- Raqqa, Tel –Abyed (Girê Sipî),Manbij, Jarablus, al-Bab and much of the Syrian Badia and the Şengal invasion, the borders of the regions of Rojava(the al-Jazeera , Kobani and Afrin) became adjacent to the land were occupied by IS mercenaries.
Thus, the mercenaries surrounded Rojava and cut all roads to the Syrian regions except for Afrin canton which had a geographical connection with the province of Idlib and Aleppo outside the control of IS mercenaries, while the areas of Rojava became the next destination for the IS mercenaries trying to complete the expansion plan to include the entire areas of northern Syria.
The city of Kobani, situated in the middle of the northern regions, appeared to be an easy target for expansion, and the first Kurdish city that could be controlled by IS.
Kobani The Kurdish city is located 120 kilometers from the city of al-Raqqa and 120 km east of Aleppo which was administratively under the control of the Baathist regime on the Syrian land, Kobani was the first city liberated from the Baathist regime in 2012, , The city from which the Rojava Revolution was launched on July 19, 2012
This gives a great symbolic value to the small Kurdish city which has a population of about 40,000 and has 366 villages.
Several groups tried to move towards the city of Kobani which People Protection Units, Women Protection Units formed in 2011 began to protect with their liberation from the Syrian regime, but all occupation attempts failed including IS mercenaries.
The cities of Tel-Abyed (Girê Sipî) in the east to Kobani, Jarablus, and the town of Shuyukh west to it and Sareen south were bases that IS mercenaries adopted in their attacks on the villages of Kobani villages.
Doubtless, IS mercenaries took into account that Kobani which is the center of the region and Rojava is the city from which the revolution of July 19 (the Rojava Revolution) began. No matter how besieged from three sides that the defending forces’ military strength cannot be under any circumstances compared to that of IS mercenaries.
Perhaps IS mercenaries at the time believed that the control of Kobani means the beginning of seizing the whole of the Syrian north and the foundation for forming a sectarian state that extends along the Syrian north and reaches Iraq. These purposes are supported by Turkey and Qatar, that is to start crawling towards Cizîre and then Afrin and foiling the autonomous administration project by controlling one of the three cantons
In addition to that, IS mercenaries sought through the conquest of the Kobani to remove the forces that were strongly present in the areas adjacent to the IS-held areas in Iraq and Syria.
Kobani, significantly symbolic to the Kurds, was the best chance for IS to revenge for its failure to achieve their purpose in seizing Şengal where the People Defense Forces foiled IS mercenaries’ attempts to control Şengal during a military campaign on August 3, 2014.
Besides, IS sought to tighten its control over the largest possible area of the Turkish border which has long been used as a means to pass hundreds of foreign elements who intended to join the terrorist organization from the west, in addition to reports that IS mercenaries began importing oil from areas of control in Iraq and Syria to Turkey across the border, it means that the control of Kobani which stretches over 80 kilometers along the Turkish border will contribute to facilitate those operations.
IS mercenaries’ eyes turned towards Kobani to complete the expansion project in the region and achieve a set of purposes over a single geographical zone.
To be continued…